Increased Precautions We're Taking in Response to COVID-19

LAST UPDATED ON 12/17/2020

As updates on the impact of the coronavirus continue to be released, we want to take a moment to inform you of the heightened preventative measures we have put in place at Cove Forge Behavioral Health Center to keep our patients, their families, and our employees safe. All efforts are guided by and in adherence to the recommendations distributed by the CDC.

Please note that for the safety of our patients, their families, and our staff, on-site visitation is no longer allowed at Cove Forge Behavioral Health Center.

  • This restriction has been implemented in compliance with updated corporate and state regulations to further reduce the risks associated with COVID-19.
  • Options for telehealth visitation are continuously evaluated so that our patients can remain connected to their loved ones.
  • Alternate methods of communication for other services may be offered when deemed clinically appropriate.

For specific information regarding these changes and limitations, please contact us directly.

CDC updates are consistently monitored to ensure that all guidance followed is based on the latest information released.

  • All staff has received infection prevention and control training.
  • Thorough disinfection and hygiene guidance has been provided.
  • Patient care supplies such as masks and hand sanitizer are being monitored and utilized.
  • Temperature and symptom screening protocols are in place for all patients and staff.
  • Social distancing strategies have been implemented to ensure that patients and staff maintain proper distance from one another at all times.
  • Cleaning service contracts have been reviewed for additional support.
  • Personal protective equipment items are routinely checked to ensure proper and secure storage.
  • CDC informational posters are on display to provide important reminders on proper infection prevention procedures.
  • We are in communication with our local health department to receive important community-specific updates.

The safety of our patients, their families, and our employees is our top priority, and we will remain steadfast in our efforts to reduce any risk associated with COVID-19.

The CDC has provided a list of easy tips that can help prevent the spread of the coronavirus.

  • Avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue and then immediately dispose of the tissue.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Clean and disinfect objects and surfaces that are frequently touched.
  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds.
  • Stay home when you are sick, except to get medical care.

For detailed information on COVID-19, please visit

Signs & Symptoms of Cocaine Addiction

The signs, symptoms, and effects of cocaine addiction can be different for every person impacted. Learning about cocaine addiction is one of the first steps towards getting better.

Understanding Cocaine

Learn about cocaine addiction and substance abuse

Cocaine is a powerful, illicit stimulant substance that is used for recreational purposes by many individuals. Also known as coke, cocaine is a drug that is known for its ability to produce intense feelings of euphoria, power, and invincibility. It can also heighten senses, enhance perception, increase self-esteem, and invoke a sense of grandiosity. Cocaine can be ingested through smoking, injecting, or snorting, but the high that is elicited is typically a short one, rarely lasting longer than about 30 minutes. Due to the pleasurable sensations that it causes, in conjunction with the short period of time that those sensations last, many cocaine users find that they begin to use more and more of the drug in order to maintain their desired high. As the dosage increases, or the frequency in which individuals are using the substance increases, changes begin to occur in the brains of users. These changes can then result in the onset of tolerance, dependence, and addiction. And, unfortunately, once an addiction to cocaine has developed, it can be exceedingly difficult for individuals to overcome. Help should be sought for cocaine abuse as early as possible.


Cocaine addiction statistics

Among individuals aged 18 and older, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) states that approximately 0.3% suffer from cocaine use disorder. According to the office of the National Drug Control Policy, an estimated 3.6 million people use cocaine on a regular basis in the United States alone.

Causes and Risk Factors

Causes and risk factors for cocaine addiction

A number of causes and risk factors have been cited as potentially affecting an individual’s susceptibility to developing an addiction to cocaine, or cocaine use disorder. Consider the following:

Environmental: According to the APA, there are a variety of ways in which an individual’s environment can impact the eventual onset of cocaine abuse and addiction. Such environmental factors can include being exposed to cocaine prenatally, having parents who use cocaine, growing up in an unstable home environment, and being exposed to violence within one’s community.

Risk Factors: In addition to the previously listed environmental risk factors, the following can also impact an individual’s vulnerability to beginning to use cocaine:

  • Possessing an impulsive personality or other such personality traits
  • Suffering from schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or antisocial personality disorder
  • Having a history of childhood conduct disorder
  • Being surrounded by people who abuse cocaine or other types of drugs
  • Ease of access with which one can obtain cocaine
Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of cocaine addiction

The signs and symptoms that may be displayed and experienced by someone who is abusing cocaine will vary from person to person, but can include the following:

Behavioral symptoms:

  • Jumping from topic to topic while in conversation
  • Engaging in repetitive movements
  • Acting differently in social settings than is normal for the person
  • Failing to fulfill obligations at work
  • Failing to take care of responsibilities at home
  • Continuing to abuse cocaine despite having the desire to quit
  • Abusing cocaine in increasingly larger amounts or over longer periods of time that was originally intended
  • Participating in dangerous or high-risk activities in order to obtain cocaine
  • Rapid speech
  • Hypervigilance

Physical symptoms:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Muscular weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Decreased appetite
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Increased bodily temperature
  • Elevated or lowered blood pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Seizures

Cognitive symptoms:

  • Experiencing intense cravings for cocaine
  • Paranoia
  • Impaired judgment
  • Confusion

Psychosocial symptoms:

  • Experiencing episodes of unwarranted anger
  • Heightened states of irritability and agitation
  • Lacking emotional reactivity
  • Euphoria
  • Anxiety

Effects of cocaine addiction

When individuals continue to abuse cocaine, they are placing their health and wellbeing at significant risk. All aspects of their daily lives will likely be affected in some way or another when the abuse of this insidious substance is allowed to persist. Examples of ways in which cocaine use can negatively impact individuals may include the following:

  • Loss of one’s sense of smell
  • Malnutrition
  • Damage one’s liver, kidneys, and/or lungs
  • Damage to the cardiovascular system
  • Cognitive impairment
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Marital strife or divorce
  • Familial conflict
  • Loss of child custody
  • Interaction with law enforcement
  • Failing to attend to one’s occupational responsibilities, potentially resulting in job loss
  • Financial turmoil
Co-Occurring Disorders

Cocaine addiction and co-occurring disorders

Sadly, it is not uncommon for individuals who suffer from cocaine use disorder to also suffer from symptoms of other mental health conditions simultaneously. Examples of such conditions may include the following:

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Schizophrenia
  • Antisocial personality disorder
  • Conduct disorder
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
  • Gambling disorder
  • Other substance use disorders
Withdrawal and Overdose

Effects of cocaine withdrawal and overdose

Effects of cocaine withdrawal: When an individual has been abusing cocaine and then suddenly ceases his or her use, or drastically reduces the amount that is being used, he or she is vulnerable to experiencing a period of withdrawal. The symptoms of cocaine withdrawal can be very uncomfortable and may arise within hours or days after one’s last use of the substance. Examples of possible symptoms and effects that may arise during this withdrawal period can include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • Increased appetite
  • Weight gain
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Vivid, unpleasant dreams
  • Dysphoric mood
  • Psychomotor retardation
  • Psychomotor agitation
  • Disturbed social functioning
  • Disturbed occupational function
  • Extremely strong cravings for the drug
  • Fatigue

Effects of cocaine overdose: Whenever individuals abuse cocaine, they are placing themselves at risk for experiencing an overdose. An overdose occurs whenever one ingests more of a substance than his or her body is capable of metabolizing. Due to cocaine’s potency and the speed with which it is known to cross the blood-brain barrier, people can easily ingest more of the drug than their bodies can handle without even realizing it. Should someone overdose on cocaine, it should be viewed as a medical emergency with treatment being sought immediately. Examples of signs that could indicate that someone may have overdosed on cocaine can include the following:

  • Flushing of the skin
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive sweating
  • Hypertension
  • Irregular breathing
  • Panicked feelings
  • Seizures
  • Stroke
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Chest pains
  • Heart palpitations
  • Cramping
Marks of Quality Care
  • Commission on Accreditation of Rehabilitation Facilities (CARF)
  • Pennsylvania Department of Drug & Alcohol Programs
  • Glasser Quality Organization
  • The Jason Foundation